YORICK WILKS & MARTIN KAY (Questionnaire 1)

2009/03/08 at 10:34 pm Utzi iruzkina

In this article I’m going to talk about some relevant researchers in the area of Human Language Technologies: Yorick Wilks and Martin Kay. Even so, we should have in mind that apart from those two, there are also other significant researches. For example: Hans Uszkoreit, Fabian M. Suchanek and Silviu Cucerzan.

YORICK WILKS
Yorick Wilks works as a Professor of Computer Science at Sheffield University. There, he directs the Institute for Language, Speech and Hearing. He has been teaching and researching also at Stanford, Edinburgh, Geneva, Essex and New Mexico State Univesities. So he has worked hardly and traveled a lot. It’s important to mention that among other participations, he’s a member of the European and American Societies for Artificial Intelligence; so it’s clear that apart from having interest in the computer processing of language, knowledge and belief, he also has concern over artificial intelligence. At the OII, known as Oxford Internet Institute, he will be going after a project that consist on the possibility of machines having recognizable personalities.

PUBLICATIONS
2008:
Yorick Wilks
. What would a Wittgensteinian computational linguistics be like. In Proceedings of AISB Convention’2008.
Hugo Pinto, Yorick Wilks, Roberta Catizone, Alexiei Dingli. The senior companion multiagent dialogue system. In Proceedings of AAMAS.
2007:
David Guthrie, Louise Guthrie, Ben Allison, Yorick Wilks. Unsupersived Anomaly Detection. In Proceedings of IJCAI’2007.
2006:
Yorick Wilks. Getting Meaning into the Machine. IEEE Intelligent Systems, 2006: 70-71.
2005:
Nick Webb, Mark Hepple, Yorick Wilks. Error Analysis of Dialogue Act Classification. In Proceedings of TSD’2005.
2004:
Yorick Wilks. Artificial Companions. In Proceedings of MLMI’2004. pp.36-45.

MARTIN KAY
Kay is a computer scientist who is known for his work in computational linguistics. In 1961, he received his M.A. from Trinity College (Cambridge) and in 1958 started working at the Cambridge Language Research Unit. Four years later, he relocated to the Rand Corporation, located in Santa Monica (California). Here, Wilks became the chief of research in linguistics and machine translation. In 1972, when he left Rand and he went to Irvine, he became Chair of the Department of Computer Science at the University of California. After that, in 1974 exactly, he moved to a research center called the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center where he worked as a Research Fellow. Afterwards, he enter the faculty of Stanford University. Nowadays, at Saarland University he works as a Honorary Professor of Computational Linguistics and he is also Professor of Linguistics at the University of Stanford.

Among his important breakthroughs we have to mention the evolvement of chart parsing and functional unification grammar. He is considered the main authority on machine translation. Martin Kay is the president of the International Committee on Computational Linguistics.

PUBLICATIONS
Martin Kay: A life of Language. Computational Linguistics 31(4): 425-438 (2005)
Martin Kay: Substring Alignment Using Suffix Trees. CICLing 2004: 275-282
Martin Kay: The Proper Place of Men and Machines in Language Translation. Machine Translation 12(1-2): 3-23 (1997)
Martin Kay: Chart Generation. ACL 1996: 200-204
Mark Johnson, Martin Kay: Parsing and Empty Nodes. Computational Linguistics 20(2): 289-300 (1994)
Mark Johnson, Martin Kay: Semantic Abstraction and Anaphora. COLING 1990: 17-27.

REFERENCES:

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RESEARCH CENTERS FOR HUMAN LANGUAGE TECHNOLOGIES IN EUROPE (Questionnaire 1) Topics’ list (Questionnaire 2)

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